History of Photography
Early photography was bulky, cumbersome, difficult, and expensive. People who invested in it and became good at it made money doing it. They opened photo studios in many towns and did portraits. Most photography was done indoors because of the difficulty of hauling around the equipment. A few photographers became famous for their work. One of the earliest was Mathew Brady, also known as the father of photojournalism.
Check out some Mathew Brady photos of the Civil War. Look through them and discuss what you see.
History of the Camera
Now learn more about the history of the camera. George Eastman founded the Eastman Kodak Company and brought photography to the masses with his invention of roll film. His life is fascinating and there are many children’s books on him.
Look at some art books of photography or even some of your favorite family photos. What do you like about them? What do you notice about the backgrounds, the lighting, the composition (where people and objects are positioned), and how close-up or far away objects are?
Ansel Adams, Famous Photographer
Ansel Adams is another famous American photographer. His photographs of nature and grand views are unsurpassed even today. His photos were instrumental in the formation of the National Parks. When people saw the amazing natural beauty out west, they wanted it preserved for future generations. Look at some Ansel Adams photography in art books from your library.
Let your kids take some photos of their own. Discuss these principles before they begin:
- Light is very important. The best light for photos is natural day light, overcast skies or a sunny day in the shade look best. The light right next to a window indoors can be very good as well.
- Try to avoid harsh shadows over people’s faces and don’t make them squint into the sun.
- Get close up to your subject if you are photographing a person or animal.
- Take lots and lots of pictures to get the one perfect shot. (Thank goodness for digital!)
- Be careful of what is in the background of your photo. A cute red wagon with a background of concrete and a trash can is not attractive. Also make sure that the background doesn’t interfere with the subject of the photo – for example, a tree that appears to be growing out of someone’s head is distracting.
- After you get one or a few great shots, print them out and frame them or make a collage. Photography is art.
- The Impressionist movement of painting was a response to photography. Photos were far more realistic than anything an artist could produce, so instead of realism in art they worked on moods and light and capturing essences that a photo could not. Look at Impressionist paintings and learn more about them.
- Experiment with photographic paper. What happens to it in the light? Try leaving pieces out for different amounts of time, from a few seconds to many minutes and in different light levels. Learn more about the chemicals that respond to light.
- After looking at Brady’s photos, you can jump into books on the civil wear to learn more.
- After looking at Ansel Adams’ photos, a study of the National Parks would be very interesting. Check out the National Park website for kids. Kids can sign up to be junior web rangers and complete many activities and earn badges all while learning more about the national parks.
- Make a timeline of the history of photography.
- National Geographic Photographers have some taken some of the world’s most beautiful and fascinating photos, check out some of them here.
- Trick photography can be fascinating to kids, try the Klutz Tricky Pix book.