Balkan Peninsula Map

The Balkans are a geographic area of southeast Europe lying between Italy and Turkey.  The area is named for the Balkan mountain range in Bulgaria and Serbia.  The entire region is very hilly and mountainous and is a peninsula, surrounded by water on three sides.

This is the region known as the Balkans. It is east of Italy and north of Turkey. Image in the public domain, Wikimedia.

The region was overrun by the Turks after the fall of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire in 1453.  The Turks massacred millions of the native peoples of this region during their rule, but the people managed to maintain their identity through it all.

The current nations in this region gained their independence from the Ottomans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries at the cost of much war and bloodshed.  Most of the Balkan region fell under communist governments after World War II.  Since the end of the Cold war the region has struggled to find peace and stable governments with varied success.  Many thousands of people died in the last half of the 20th century in these lands.

Color a map of the Balkan Peninsula and read more about the history and the people of these lands.


Use a student atlas to label the countries, capitals, major bodies of water and the Danube River.  Older kids can also find the major mountain ranges and other major cities.

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One Comment

  1. I have looked and looked for these maps and you have them. thank you so much for letting me have it free. I am a homeschool mom of 3 and it’s been hard for me to find things that we need for out own bible study and geography. (with no income at the time) so you are a God sent to us…

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