Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors PDF


Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors is a hands-on history unit about the Aztec, Inca, and Conquistador groups in the Americas. It is for all ages from 6 to 18 to learn together.


Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors is the fifth unit in the Colonial History course. This unit is about the native people of Mexico and of the Andes just before and at the time the Spanish conquest.

This book is for adult mentors to use as a resource when planning lessons, not a textbook for students.

This unit has sections on:

  • Aztecs
  • Incas
  • Conquistadors

Layers of Learning is activity-based and this unit guide includes many hands-on ways to learn about the Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors. Here are a few things you will find to do inside this unit:

  • Make an Aztec headdress craft as you learn about the Flower Wars
  • Make your own Aztec style codex book
  • Make a tripod cardstock display about the supreme god of the Aztecs
  • Craft a set of bolas, an Incan weapon
  • Make a long illustrated map of the Inca empire on a roll of freezer paper
  • Craft a cute paper plate llama
  • Go on a treasure hunt for gold like the conquistadors and learn about claiming what isn’t yours
  • Make puppets of Francisco Pizarro and Atahualpa
  • Craft a Spanish galleon ship with a milk carton
  • And much more!

Layers of Learning History units include Library Lists of books on the topic, a family read-aloud suggestion, hands-on activities, printables and paper crafts, sidebars for extra learning, and tools to help you assess your student’s progress and mastery. Learn more about how Layers of Learning works.

See Inside

This is a view of a two page spread from Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors:

Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors Spread

This unit, like all of Layers of Learning is pick-and-choose so the mentor can decide which Explorations to choose from among many options.


This unit was written to be used for a month but contains plenty of content for many more weeks of learning if you choose. This is a pick-and-choose curriculum, meant to be cycled back to in the future when your child is older. As such, it intentionally includes far more material than you can possibly cover in a month.

Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors is also part of the overall Colonial History course, the third Year of the four year Layers of Learning History cycle. If you use the program in order, it will take you through the history of the world from ancient times through the 21st century. However, each unit stands alone and can be used independently of any other unit.

Printable Pack

This unit comes with a downloadable Printable Pack that includes all the student worksheets. The printables can be copied as many times as needed for your family or class.

Aztecs, Incas, & Conquistadors Printable Pack

You can download the Printable Pack from your receipt or from your account at Layers of Learning. This printable pack includes 20 pages.

Extra Resources

This unit comes with extra weblinks and a YouTube video playlist on the Colonial History Resources page.


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