This exploration is for early grades and middle grades, as the colored smilies show. You can learn about climate with your kids from 1st grade to 8th grade.

1st thru 4th grades
5th thru 8th grades
Layers of Learning Unit 2-1
Unit 2-1: Byzantines, Turkey, Climate & Seasons, Byzantine Art

This exploration is an earth science lesson from Layers of Learning Unit 2-1 about climate and seasons. The climate zones map is also used from a geographical point of view (rather than a scientific one) in Unit 1-6. Layers of Learning has hands-on explorations in every unit of this family-friendly curriculum. Learn more about Layers of Learning.

Climate refers to all the factors that make up the weather of a particular place on earth. It includes rain fall, temperature, wind, storms, and seasonal changes.  There are four major climates on earth: cold, temperate, warm, and tropical. There are also many many different sub-sets of these major types.

Step 1: Library Research

Before you begin exploring, read a book or two about climate. Here are some suggestions, but if you can’t find these, look for books at your library about climate zones. The colored smilies above each book tell you what age level they’re recommended for.

Climate and Weather

by Baby Professor

Talks about the major climates on earth and how it affects people.

Weather Watcher

by DK

This book includes information on climates, how they are formed, and where they are on earth.

Step 2: Climate Zones Map Exploration

To do this exploration you need a climate zones map and colored pencils, pens, or paints.

Climate Zones Map
Here is the climate zones map completed. This one was done in watercolor.

On a Climate Zones Map color in the major bands of climate and label them.

  • Discuss what the climate is like where you live.
  • How much rainfall do you get on average? and how much did you get in the past year? Was it above, below, or right on the average?
  • What are the high temperatures in winter and summer where you live? The low temperatures in winter and summer?
  • Do you have a four season climate or not? What do people call the seasons where you are?


Discuss micro-climates as well. Within the large temperate band of North America there are places that are very different from each other. Glacier National Park in Montana has much colder and earlier winters than land a few hundred miles to the west, in central Washington. Glacier National Park is very high in the Rockies and has an alpine climate.

Places near the ocean are affected greatly by the gulf streams that pass near the shore. Western Washington has a much warmer and wetter climate than the eastern part of Washington State because of the warmth and wetness of the ocean. England, with a much higher latitude has a milder climate than the Central Plains of North America.

  • What else affects the climate?
  • What factors determine the temperature and weather patterns of Earth?

Step 3: Show What You Know

Put the picture you drew in your science notebook. Then, on another sheet of paper explain in words what your map means and why the climate zones are where they are.

Additional Layers

Additional Layers are extra activities you can do or tangents you can take off on. You will find them in the sidebars of each Layers of Learning unit. They are optional, so just choose what interests you.

Additional Layer

Over time the climate of the whole earth goes through warm and cooler cycles. We’ve had a warmer wetter earth, in the time of the dinosaurs. We’ve had a colder earth in the ice age. Research and see if you can find out what scientists believe causes these natural cycles in the earth’s climate.

Additional Layer

Climate determines how we live our lives. Think of the different types or constructions of homes people live in because of the climate?

Additional Layer

Look up information on your hometown and make a graph showing temperatures or rain falls for a past period of time, like highest temperatures over the last ten years or the amount of rainfall during each month of the last year.

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