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Map of Ancient Egypt

This exploration is for all ages, as the colored smilies show. You can color the map of Ancient Egypt with your whole family together!

1st thru 4th grades
5th thru 8th grades
9th thru 12th grades

Unit 1-2
Unit 1-2: Egypt, Map Keys, Stars, Egyptian Art

The map of ancient Egypt in a history exploration from Layers of Learning Unit 1-2. Layers of Learning has hands-on explorations in every unit of this family-friendly curriculum. Learn more about Layers of Learning.

Historical maps are a great tool for understanding the past. You can see when you look at a map of ancient Egypt why people lived only along the river.  What would the land have been like away from the Nile?

Egypt from space. Public domain via Wikimedia.

Step 1: Library Research

Before you begin exploring, read a book or two about ancient Egypt. Here are some suggestions, but if you can’t find these, look for books at your library about ancient Egypt, mummies, pyramids, the Nile River, and Egyptian mythology. The colored smilies above each book tell you what age level they’re recommended for.

Egyptians: Life in Ancient Egypt

by Liz Sonneborn

Filled with fun illustration, this is a simple introduction to Ancient Egypt from every day life to social customs to religious beliefs.

Ancient Egypt: An Interactive History Adventure

by Heather Adamson

The reader chooses which path to take in the world of Ancient Egypt. Excellent books for effortlessly learning about the past.

Cat of Bubastes

by G.A. Henty

A historical novel taking place in Ancient Egypt. Chebron, the son of a priest, accidentally kills a sacred cat. To escape punishment runs away with a young slave named Amuba. As the boys have adventures the reader learns about the Nile, customs of the Egyptians, and Egyptian life.

Step 2: Ancient Egypt Map Exploration

To complete this exploration you will need colored pencils and a printable Ancient Egypt Map.

Ancient Egypt Map

When you color a historical map of ancient Egypt you can see the boundaries of the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms and why the older kingdoms ended at the second cataract of the Nile. You can draw on trade routes and maybe even guess at why those traders took the routes they chose.  You could also add invasion routes, cities, tombs, neighboring civilizations, and areas of conquest, depending on what your studies are focusing on.

Start by coloring the 3 kingdoms: Old, Middle, and New.  Then color and label the oases.  Finally, color the desert and the water.

Step 3: Show What You Know

Write a paragraph (for younger kids) up to a page (for older kids) about the things this map of Egypt explains about the Ancient Egyptians and their world. You can include the reasons for the boundaries of the three kingdoms, information about the trade routes, information a out the pyramids, and more.

Additional Layers

Additional Layers are extra activities you can do or tangents you can take off on. You will find them in the sidebars of each Layers of Learning unit. They are optional, so just choose what interests you.

Additional Layer

You can also make important visual connections while making maps.  This is especially important when it comes to landmarks.  

The Great Pyramid at Giza.

If the kids are coloring the pyramids, show them a picture of the Great Pyramids from a book or the internet.  You could even watch a little video clip together.

Additional Layer

Give your kids something to discover on their own.

You might say, “Do you know what a cataract is?”

This is a picture of the first cataract on the Nile.

Have the child look up the definition of a cataract and then search for images or videos on the Egyptian cataracts.

Fabulous Fact

The land of Punt, a trading partner of the Egypts, was mentioned often in Egyptian writings. But today no one knows for sure where it was located.

This is an Ancient Egyptian ship setting out on a voyage to Punt.

Learn more about the Land of Punt.

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